Ain Hanech

Pleistocene-Holocene sites located in the area of Ain Hanech (Sétif) on the plateaux of eastern Algeria.

Settlemetns of first species of the genus Homo, Homo erectus, archaic Homo sapiens, Homo sapiens.

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A complex  of open-air paleontological and   archaeological sites formed in a sedimentary context of fluvial-lagoon  origin  during  the  end  of  the  Pliocene,  Pleistocene and Holocene.

The most important sites are:

  • Ain Boucherit Units P/Q y R
  • Ain Hanech
  • El-Kherba
  • El-Kherba- Puits
  • Oued El-Attach
  • Meheb Errih

These  sites  contain  fossil  remains  from  a  wide  variety  of  savanna  animals  such    as    elephants,    hippopotamuses,    rhinoceroses, equids,  various  bovids  and  carnivores;  as  well  as  stone  artefacts with a chronology extending from 2.2 million to 6,000  years  ago,  bearing  witness  to  continuous  human occupations, including: Oldowan (2.2-1.7 million years), Acheulean (1.6 million years), Middle Paleolithic (50,000 years)  and  Capsian  (10,000-6,000  years).  The  Oldowan  levels represent the oldest human occupations of North Africa.